Biallelic DAB1 Variants Are Associated With Mild Lissencephaly and Cerebellar Hypoplasia

Daphne J. Smits, Rachel Schot, Martina Wilke, Marjon Van Slegtenhorst, Marie Claire Y. De Wit, Marjolein H.G. Dremmen, William B. Dobyns, A. James Barkovich, Grazia M.S. Mancini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectiveWe aimed to identify pathogenic variants in a girl with epilepsy, developmental delay, cerebellar ataxia, oral motor difficulty, and structural brain abnormalities with the use of whole-exome sequencing.MethodsWhole-exome trio analysis and molecular functional studies were performed in addition to the clinical findings and neuroimaging studies.ResultsBrain MRI showed mild pachygyria, hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, and abnormal foliation of the cerebellar vermis, suspected for a variant in one of the genes of the Reelin pathway. Trio whole-exome sequencing and additional functional studies were performed to identify the pathogenic variants. Trio whole-exome sequencing revealed compound heterozygous splice variants in DAB1, both affecting the highly conserved functional phosphotyrosine-binding domain. Expression studies in patient-derived cells showed loss of normal transcripts, confirming pathogenicity.ConclusionsWe conclude that these variants are very likely causally related to the cerebral phenotype and propose to consider loss-of-function DAB1 variants in patients with RELN-like cortical malformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e558
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2021

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Publisher Copyright:
© American Academy of Neurology.

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