Beyond x2018;Managed Change’: Rethinking How Schools Improve

Karen Seashore Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The following paper argues that existing model of change management in education are more appropriate for understanding small scale innovations than larger reforms. Results from two studies of schools engaged in major transformations are used to illustrate some of the differences between previous and current findings. A model of organizational learning as an alternative is presented, and some implications for both practice and theory in school improvement are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-24
Number of pages23
JournalSchool Effectiveness and School Improvement
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994


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