Beyond Happiness: Minority Stress and Life Meaning Among LGB Individuals

Richard P. Douglass, Sarah E. Conlin, Ryan D. Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Scholars have recently started to examine how minority stressors are associated with wellbeing outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people. Such studies have examined mainly hedonic wellbeing, and those that have investigated eudaimonic wellbeing have tended to use composite measures. The present study draws from this literature to examine how minority stressors are associated with a key indicator of eudaimonic wellbeing: life meaning. Drawing from the minority stress model, we examined these associations using structural equation modeling among 266 LGB adults. Expectations of rejection and identity concealment, but not discrimination or internalized homophobia, had significant negative associations with life meaning. Discrimination had negative indirect associations with life meaning via expectations of rejection and concealment. Our results highlight the nuanced relations that exist between minority stressors and life meaning and highlight the need to move beyond composite measures of wellbeing. Implications for clinical practice and directions for research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1587-1602
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Issue number11
StatePublished - Sep 18 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Discrimination
  • LGB
  • expectations of rejection
  • internalized homophobia
  • life meaning
  • minority stress
  • sexual orientation concealment

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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