Best practices for measuring and reporting ground reaction forces in dogs

Michael G. Conzemius, Bryan T. Torres, Peter Muir, Richard Evans, Ursula Krotscheck, Steven Budsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kinetic gait analysis and ground reaction forces (GRFs) have been used in hundreds of scientific manuscripts. Specific methodology, interpretation of results, and translation to clinical veterinary medicine have been inconsistent. This impedes the advance of veterinary medicine and poses a risk to patients. The objective of this report was to address methodological variations and share our consensus on a recommended approach with viable alternatives to data collection methods, analysis, reporting, and interpretation for GRFs in the dog. Investigators with experience performing kinetic gait analysis reviewed the literature and discussed the topics that most influenced GRF data collection, reporting, and interpretation. Methodological variations were reported and a consensus from the group was devised. There are several reasonable alternatives to collect, report, and interpret GRFs in dogs appropriately. Attention to detail is required in several areas to collect and report them. This review and consensus report should assist future investigations and interpretations of studies, optimize comparison between publications, minimize use of animals, and limit the investment in cost and time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Author Contributions: Conzemius MG, DVM, PhD, DACVS: Contributed to manuscript concept. Contributed to manuscript preparation. Torres BT, DVM, PhD, DACVS-SA, DACVSMR-Canine: Contributed to manuscript preparation. Muir P, BVSc, MVetClinStud, PhD, DACVS, DECVS, FRCVS: Contributed to manuscript preparation. Evans R, PhD, PSTAT: Contributed to manuscript preparation. Krotscheck U, DVM, DACVS: Contributed to manuscript preparation. Budsberg S: MS, DVM, DACVS: Contributed to manuscript concept. Contributed to manuscript preparation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Dogs
  • Gait

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Review
  • Journal Article

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