Best management practices compliance monitoring approaches for forestry in the eastern United States

Michael J. Phillips, Charles R. Blinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Many of the eastern states that have published best management practices (BMPs) or forest management guidelines have also developed compliance monitoring programs to assess the application of these BMPs or guidelines on public and private forest land. The approaches among these states to collecting on-site monitoring data (measuring compliance) and evaluating sites are variable. A survey of eastern states found that almost all southern states monitor application of BMPs, but proportionally fewer of the northern states have established compliance monitoring programs. The state forestry agencies provide the leadership for these programs in most of the eastern states. States that monitor tend to evaluate all public and private forest landowner categories located within their states. In general, northern states monitor a broader array of site resources (e.g., cultural resources, visual quality) as compared to southern states which focus on water quality and wetlands protection. However, northern states focus their monitoring on timber harvesting, forest road construction and maintenance as compared to southern states which tend to monitor a broader array of forest management activities (e.g., site preparation, reforestation). When selecting sites for monitoring, the most common approach is to select some sites from all landowner categories within the state. Many states do not specify any criteria to identify sites for monitoring so that all sites have an equal chance for selection. Some states do use specific criteria to filter sites for monitoring, most commonly size of forest management activity and proximity to water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-274
Number of pages12
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2004


  • Best management practices
  • Compliance monitoring
  • Forest management guidelines
  • Forestry
  • Water quality


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