Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) in homeless parents: A validation and replication study

Jillian S. Merrick, Angela J. Narayan, Carrie E. DePasquale, Ann S Masten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study extends the validity and replicability of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a novel instrument for adults with childhood adversity. The BCEs scale assesses 10 favorable childhood experiences, yielding a total score similar to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) scale (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017; Felitti et al., 1998). The current study examined the BCEs scale in a sample of homeless parents and hypothesized that higher levels of total BCEs would predict lower odds of psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress after accounting for ACEs. Participants were 50 ethnically diverse parents (42 birth mothers, 5 birth fathers, 1 stepfather, and 2 grandmothers in the primary caregiver role; M = 32.50 years, SD = 9.29, range = 21-62 years; 66% African American, 12% White, 12% American Indian, 10% biracial/other) residing at a homeless shelter with their children. Parents completed the BCEs and ACEs scales and instruments on psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress. Higher levels of BCEs predicted lower odds of psychological distress, as expected. Higher levels of ACEs predicted higher sociodemographic risk. However, neither BCEs nor ACEs predicted parenting stress. Mean levels of total BCEs and item frequencies were strikingly similar to the pilot sample, although homeless parents reported significantly lower predictable home routines in childhood. BCEs and ACEs were only modestly negatively associated, underscoring the independence of adverse and positive early experiences. The BCEs scale is a promising, brief and culturally sensitive index of childhood experiences linked to long-term resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-498
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Validation Studies
Parenting
Parents
Psychology
Parturition
North American Indians
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Fathers
African Americans
Caregivers
Mothers

Keywords

  • Childhood adversity
  • Homelessness
  • Parenting stress
  • Psychological distress
  • Resilience

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Validation Studies

Cite this

Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) in homeless parents : A validation and replication study. / Merrick, Jillian S.; Narayan, Angela J.; DePasquale, Carrie E.; Masten, Ann S.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 4, 01.06.2019, p. 493-498.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merrick, Jillian S. ; Narayan, Angela J. ; DePasquale, Carrie E. ; Masten, Ann S. / Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) in homeless parents : A validation and replication study. In: Journal of Family Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 4. pp. 493-498.
@article{a1582e4adf454afb99329e48e7f1a0fc,
title = "Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) in homeless parents: A validation and replication study",
abstract = "This study extends the validity and replicability of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a novel instrument for adults with childhood adversity. The BCEs scale assesses 10 favorable childhood experiences, yielding a total score similar to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) scale (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017; Felitti et al., 1998). The current study examined the BCEs scale in a sample of homeless parents and hypothesized that higher levels of total BCEs would predict lower odds of psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress after accounting for ACEs. Participants were 50 ethnically diverse parents (42 birth mothers, 5 birth fathers, 1 stepfather, and 2 grandmothers in the primary caregiver role; M = 32.50 years, SD = 9.29, range = 21-62 years; 66{\%} African American, 12{\%} White, 12{\%} American Indian, 10{\%} biracial/other) residing at a homeless shelter with their children. Parents completed the BCEs and ACEs scales and instruments on psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress. Higher levels of BCEs predicted lower odds of psychological distress, as expected. Higher levels of ACEs predicted higher sociodemographic risk. However, neither BCEs nor ACEs predicted parenting stress. Mean levels of total BCEs and item frequencies were strikingly similar to the pilot sample, although homeless parents reported significantly lower predictable home routines in childhood. BCEs and ACEs were only modestly negatively associated, underscoring the independence of adverse and positive early experiences. The BCEs scale is a promising, brief and culturally sensitive index of childhood experiences linked to long-term resilience.",
keywords = "Childhood adversity, Homelessness, Parenting stress, Psychological distress, Resilience",
author = "Merrick, {Jillian S.} and Narayan, {Angela J.} and DePasquale, {Carrie E.} and Masten, {Ann S}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/fam0000521",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "493--498",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) in homeless parents

T2 - A validation and replication study

AU - Merrick, Jillian S.

AU - Narayan, Angela J.

AU - DePasquale, Carrie E.

AU - Masten, Ann S

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - This study extends the validity and replicability of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a novel instrument for adults with childhood adversity. The BCEs scale assesses 10 favorable childhood experiences, yielding a total score similar to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) scale (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017; Felitti et al., 1998). The current study examined the BCEs scale in a sample of homeless parents and hypothesized that higher levels of total BCEs would predict lower odds of psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress after accounting for ACEs. Participants were 50 ethnically diverse parents (42 birth mothers, 5 birth fathers, 1 stepfather, and 2 grandmothers in the primary caregiver role; M = 32.50 years, SD = 9.29, range = 21-62 years; 66% African American, 12% White, 12% American Indian, 10% biracial/other) residing at a homeless shelter with their children. Parents completed the BCEs and ACEs scales and instruments on psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress. Higher levels of BCEs predicted lower odds of psychological distress, as expected. Higher levels of ACEs predicted higher sociodemographic risk. However, neither BCEs nor ACEs predicted parenting stress. Mean levels of total BCEs and item frequencies were strikingly similar to the pilot sample, although homeless parents reported significantly lower predictable home routines in childhood. BCEs and ACEs were only modestly negatively associated, underscoring the independence of adverse and positive early experiences. The BCEs scale is a promising, brief and culturally sensitive index of childhood experiences linked to long-term resilience.

AB - This study extends the validity and replicability of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a novel instrument for adults with childhood adversity. The BCEs scale assesses 10 favorable childhood experiences, yielding a total score similar to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) scale (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017; Felitti et al., 1998). The current study examined the BCEs scale in a sample of homeless parents and hypothesized that higher levels of total BCEs would predict lower odds of psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress after accounting for ACEs. Participants were 50 ethnically diverse parents (42 birth mothers, 5 birth fathers, 1 stepfather, and 2 grandmothers in the primary caregiver role; M = 32.50 years, SD = 9.29, range = 21-62 years; 66% African American, 12% White, 12% American Indian, 10% biracial/other) residing at a homeless shelter with their children. Parents completed the BCEs and ACEs scales and instruments on psychological distress, sociodemographic risk, and parenting stress. Higher levels of BCEs predicted lower odds of psychological distress, as expected. Higher levels of ACEs predicted higher sociodemographic risk. However, neither BCEs nor ACEs predicted parenting stress. Mean levels of total BCEs and item frequencies were strikingly similar to the pilot sample, although homeless parents reported significantly lower predictable home routines in childhood. BCEs and ACEs were only modestly negatively associated, underscoring the independence of adverse and positive early experiences. The BCEs scale is a promising, brief and culturally sensitive index of childhood experiences linked to long-term resilience.

KW - Childhood adversity

KW - Homelessness

KW - Parenting stress

KW - Psychological distress

KW - Resilience

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062272528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062272528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/fam0000521

DO - 10.1037/fam0000521

M3 - Article

C2 - 30816781

AN - SCOPUS:85062272528

VL - 33

SP - 493

EP - 498

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 4

ER -