Belatacept for simultaneous calcineurin inhibitor and chronic corticosteroid immunosuppression avoidance: Two-year results of a prospective, randomized multicenter trial

BEST Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplantation is associated with numerous toxicities. CD28-mediated T-cell costimulation blockade using belatacept may reduce long-term nephrotoxicity, compared with calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression. The efficacy and safety of simultaneous calcineurin inhibitor avoidance and rapid steroid withdrawal were tested in a randomized, prospective, multicenter study.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This study reports the 2-year results of a randomized clinical trial of 316 recipients of a new kidney transplant. All kidney transplants were performed using rapid steroid withdrawal immunosuppression. Recipients were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive belatacept with alemtuzumab induction, belatacept with rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG) induction, or tacrolimus with rATG induction. The composite end point consisted of death, kidney allograft loss, or an eGFR of <45 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 at 2 years.

RESULTS: The composite end point was observed for 11 of 107 (10%) participants assigned to belatacept/alemtuzumab, 13 of 104 (13%) participants assigned to belatacept/rATG, and 21 of 105 (21%) participants assigned to tacrolimus/rATG (for belatacept/alemtuzumab versus tacrolimus/rATG, P=0.99; for belatacept/rATG versus tacrolimus/rATG, P=0.66). Patient and graft survival rates were similar between all groups. An eGFR of <45 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 was observed for nine of 107 (8%) participants assigned to belatacept/alemtuzuab, eight of 104 (8%) participants assigned to belatacept/rATG, and 20 of 105 (19%) participants assigned to tacrolimus/rATG ( P<0.05 for each belatacept group versus tacrolimus/rATG). Biopsy sample-proven acute rejection was observed for 20 of 107 (19%) participants assigned to belatacept/alemtuzuab, 26 of 104 (25%) participants assigned to belatacept/rATG, and seven of 105 (7%) participants assigned to tacrolimus/rATG (for belatacept/alemtuzumab versus tacrolimus/rATG, P=0.006; for belatacept/rATG versus tacrolimus/rATG, P<0.001). Gastrointestinal and neurologic adverse events were less frequent with belatacept versus calcineurin-based immunosuppression.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall 2-year outcomes were similar when comparing maintenance immunosuppression using belatacept versus tacrolimus, and each protocol involved rapid steroid withdrawal. The incidence of an eGFR of <45 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 was significantly lower with belatacept compared with tacrolimus, but the incidence of biopsy sample-proven acute rejection significantly higher.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY NAME AND REGISTRATION NUMBER: Belatacept Early Steroid Withdrawal Trial, NCT01729494.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1387-1397
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by Bristol-Meyers Squibb (IM103-167).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the American Society of Nephrology.

Keywords

  • Immunosuppression
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Transplant outcomes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Belatacept for simultaneous calcineurin inhibitor and chronic corticosteroid immunosuppression avoidance: Two-year results of a prospective, randomized multicenter trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this