Behavioural sensitisation to MK-801 is dose-dependent and independent of environmental context

Emilia M. Lefevre, Darryl W. Eyles, Thomas H.J. Burne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathophysiology of schizophrenia is associated with disturbed glutamate signalling, particularly via a dysfunction of the N-methyl- d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. In rodents, behavioural sensitisation to the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 is proposed to recapitulate aspects of the NMDA receptor hypofunction hypothesis of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to determine the modulatory role of MK-801 dose and environmental context on the development and expression of MK-801-induced behavioural sensitisation. Sprague Dawley rats were administered saline or varying doses of MK-801 (i.p.) once daily for 7 days and locomotor activity was recorded. After 5 days of withdrawal, rats were challenged with their respective dose to test for sensitisation. From this experiment a sensitising dose was obtained. In the second experiment the magnitude of sensitisation was compared between rats that were treated in either a home or test environmental context. Rats treated with 0.25. mg/kg MK-801 developed robust sensitisation when challenged after withdrawal. Rats treated with lower (0.1. mg/kg) or higher (0.5. mg/kg) doses of MK-801 did not develop locomotor sensitisation. Sensitisation to 0.25. mg/kg MK-801 developed equally between rats treated in the home or test context. The study shows that male Sprague Dawley rats develop behavioural sensitisation to repeated injections of MK-801. The development of sensitisation is selective to MK-801 dose in an inverted-U dose response fashion. In this paradigm MK-801 induced sensitisation was expressed similarly between groups treated in two distinct environmental contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-245
Number of pages5
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume298
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NHMRC project grant 1024239.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Environmental context
  • MK-801
  • NMDA receptor
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sensitisation

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