Behavioral self-help materials as an adjunct to nicotine gum

Harry A. Lando, Elizabeth A. Kalb, Paul G. McGovern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The present study assessed the incremental effectiveness of behavioral self-help materials specifically written to accompany nicotine gum. Subjects (187 women and 117 men) were randomly assigned either behavioral self-help booklets or a factual information pamphlet. All subjects received prescriptions for Nicorette® from study physicians. Contrary to prediction, subjects provided self-help booklets fared no better than did subjects provided comparison pamphlets. Overall abstinence levels were encouraging, however. Nicotine gum users were far more likely than nonusers to maintain abstinence through 6-month follow-up. Perhaps self-help materials could be improved by condensing and simplifying content and by adopting a more attractive multicolored pictorial format.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-184
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals DA03950 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Requests for reprints should be sent to Harry A. Lando, Department University, Ames, IA 50011.


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