Behavior of biaxially loaded slab-column connections with shear studs

Eric M. Matzke, Rémy D. Lequesne, Gustavo J. Parra-Montesinos, Carol K. Shield

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21 Scopus citations


Results are presented from four non-prestressed concrete slabcolumn connection subassemblies tested under simulated gravity and earthquake-type loading. Each specimen consisted of a largescale first-story interior slab-column connection reinforced with headed shear studs, loaded to a gravity-shear ratio of 50%, and subjected to biaxial lateral displacements. The slabs, which were nominally identical aside from the shear stud reinforcement design, had a flexural reinforcement ratio in the column strip, based on the effective depth, of 0.7%. Shear stud reinforcement in the test specimens varied in terms of amount and spacing, both between and within stud peripheral lines. All four specimens exhibited drift capacities significantly lower than shown by previous studies. Although the lateral strength of the specimens was governed by the flexural capacity of the slab, severe concrete degradation ultimately limited the drift capacity of the connections. Signs of punching-related damage were first observed during the cycle to 1.85% drift in each loading direction. Test results suggest that the minimum amount of shear reinforcement required in Section 21.13.6 of ACI 318-11 when neither a drift nor a combined shear-stress check is performed (vs ≥ 3.5√fc, psi [0.29√fc, MPa]) is adequate for connections subjected to a gravity shear ratio of up to 50% and resultant drifts from biaxial displacements of up to 2.0% if studs are spaced at less than 2d within the first two peripheral lines. For larger drift demands, a maximum stud spacing within the first three peripheral lines of 1.5d is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-346
Number of pages12
JournalACI Structural Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2015, American Concrete Institute. All rights reserved.


  • Confinement
  • Drift capacity
  • Punching shear
  • Seismic
  • Shear study
  • Two-way slab


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