Barley: A translational model for adaptation to climate change

Ian K. Dawson, Joanne Russell, Wayne Powell, Brian Steffenson, William T B Thomas, Robbie Waugh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations

Abstract

Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) is an excellent model for understanding agricultural responses to climate change. Its initial domestication over 10 millennia ago and subsequent wide migration provide striking evidence of adaptation to different environments, agro-ecologies and uses. A bottleneck in the selection of modern varieties has resulted in a reduction in total genetic diversity and a loss of specific alleles relevant to climate-smart agriculture. However, extensive and well-curated collections of landraces, wild barley accessions (H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum) and other Hordeum species exist and are important new allele sources. A wide range of genomic and analytical tools have entered the public domain for exploring and capturing this variation, and specialized populations, mutant stocks and transgenics facilitate the connection between genetic diversity and heritable phenotypes. These lay the biological, technological and informational foundations for developing climate-resilient crops tailored to specific environments that are supported by extensive environmental and geographical databases, new methods for climate modelling and trait/environment association analyses, and decentralized participatory improvement methods. Case studies of important climate-related traits and their constituent genes - including examples that are indicative of the complexities involved in designing appropriate responses - are presented, and key developments for the future highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-931
Number of pages19
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume206
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 New Phytologist Trust.

Keywords

  • Abiotic and biotic stresses
  • Barley genome assembly
  • Evolutionary participatory plant breeding
  • Landraces
  • Niche modelling
  • Wild barley

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