Addressing covariate imbalance in causal analysis will be reformulated as an elimination of the nuisance variables problem. We show, within a counterfactual balanced setting, how averaging, conditioning, and marginalization techniques can be used to reduce bias due to a possibly large number of imbalanced baseline confounders. The notions of X-sufficient and X-ancillary quantities are discussed and, as an example, we show how sliced inverse regression and related methods from regression theory that estimate a basis for a central sufficient subspace provide alternative summaries to propensity based analysis. Examples for exponential families and elliptically symmetric families of distributions are provided.
- Dimension reduction
- Sufficient summary