Baker's yeast β-glucan SUPPL.ementation increases monocytes and cytokines post-exercise: Implications for infection risk?

K. C. Carpenter, W. L. Breslin, T. Davidson, A. Adams, B. K. McFarlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Strenuous aerobic exercise is known to weaken the immune system, and while many nutritional SUPPL.ements have been proposed to boost post-exercise immunity, few are known to be effective. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether 10 d of SUPPL.ementation with a defined source of baker's yeast β-glucan (BG, Wellmune WGP®) could minimise post-exercise immunosuppression. Recreationally active men and women (n 60) completed two 10 d trial conditions using a cross-over design with a 7 d washout period: placebo (rice flour) and baker's yeast BG (250 mg/d of β-1,3/1,6-glucans derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) before a bout of cycling (49 ±Â 6 min) in a hot (38 ±Â 2°C), humid (45 ±Â 2 % relative humidity) environment. Blood was collected at baseline (before SUPPL.ement), pre- (PRE), post- (POST) and 2 h (2H) post-exercise. Total and subset monocyte concentration was measured by four-colour flow cytometry. Plasma cytokine levels and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytokine production were measured using separate multiplex assays. Total (CD14+) and pro-inflammatory monocyte concentrations (CD14+/CD16+) were significantly greater at POST and 2H (P< 0·05) with BG SUPPL.ementation. BG SUPPL.ementation boosted LPS-stimulated production of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) at PRE and POST (P< 0·05). Plasma IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-γ concentrations were greater at 2H following BG SUPPL.ementation. It appears that 10 d of SUPPL.ementation with BG increased the potential of blood leucocytes for the production of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-γ. The key findings of the present study demonstrate that BG may have potential to alter immunity following a strenuous exercise session.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-486
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 14 2013


  • Immunity
  • Infection susceptibility
  • Wellmune
  • β-Glucan SUPPL.ementation


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