Bacterial Resistance in Surgical Infections in Low-Resource Settings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There is an alarming increase in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) globally, complicating management of surgical infections, especially in low-resource settings. Of particular concern for surgeons are third generation cephalosporin-resistant and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Methods: The published literature was searched to identify the scope and causative factors of emerging bacterial resistance in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Results: Antimicrobial resistance impacts economics, human development, health equity, health security, and food production. Factors that contribute to AMR include use of antibiotic agents in livestock, antibiotic agents in wastewater and sewage, poor sanitation, and overprescribing or unregulated use of antibiotic agents. Because the factors influencing AMR globally are multi-factorial, solutions must be addressed at multiple levels. In LMICs, these can occur through national initiatives, at the facility level, or at the community level with coordination engaging government agencies, the private sector, civil service, and professional groups. Conclusions: There is a growing recognition of the need for national AMR prevention programs. Meanwhile, infection prevention and control programs and antimicrobial stewardship remain cornerstones of management at the facility level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-515
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical infections
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2020


  • antibacterial
  • developing countries
  • infections
  • resistance

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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