Bacterial characteristics in relation to clinical source of Escherichia coli isolates from women with acute cystitis or pyelonephritis and uninfected women

James R. Johnson, Krista Owens, Abby Gajewski, Michael A. Kuskowski

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89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Characteristics differentiating Escherichia coli strains that cause cystitis or pyelonephritis from fecal E. coli remain incompletely defined, particularly among adult women in the United States. Accordingly, phylogenetic group, O antigens, and virulence factors (VFs) were analyzed among 329 E. coli isolates from the mid-to-late 1990s from women in the United States with acute pyelonephritis (n = 170), cystitis (n = 83), or no infection (fecal; n = 76). Compared with fecal and cystitis isolates, pyelonephritis isolates exhibited a greater prevalence of phylogenetic group B2, most virulence-associated O antigens, and most VFs and had higher VF scores. In contrast, cystitis and fecal isolates differed minimally. By stepwise multivariable logistic regression, significant (P ≤ 0.015) predictors of cystitis and/or pyelonephritis (versus fecal) included afa/dra (Dr-binding adhesins), ibeA (invasion of brain endothelium), iha (putative adhesin-siderophore), malX (pathogenicity island marker), the O75 antigen, papEF (P fimbriae), papG allele II (P adhesin variant), group B2, and sfa/foc (S and F1C fimbriae). However, virulence profiles overlapped considerably among source groups and varied greatly within each group. E. coli "clonal group A" (CGA) and the O2:K5/K7:H1 and O75:K+ clonal groups were significantly associated with cystitis and/or pyelonephritis. These findings identify potential vaccine targets, suggest that urovirulence is multiply determined, and confirm the urovirulence of specific E. coli clonal groups, including recently recognized CGA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6064-6072
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

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