Backcross-breeding and doubled-haploid facilitated introgression of stripe rust resistance in bread wheat

Farshad Bakhtiar, Farzad Afshari, Goodarz Najafian, Mohsen Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stripe rust caused by the fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) may decrease wheat yield significantly in severe outbreaks. The most cost-effective and environmentally friendly approach to reduce yield losses due to rust diseases is deployment of effective resistant genes in wheat cultivars. The causal agents evolve and may break existing resistant sources as well. Therefore, long-term conventional breeding strategies and the ongoing evolution of pathogen populations in the region would put the success of breeding programmes at risk so that there is always a need for speeding up the process of germplasm enhancement through production of doubled-haploid breeding materials. In this study, we aimed at introgression of stripe rust resistance trait from three genotypes (Flanders, Martonvasar-17 (MV17) and Bersee) into a widely adapted cultivar "Ghods". Positively selected F2BC2 progenies of three backcrossing schemas, i.e. (i) Flanders/3*Ghods; (ii) Ghods*3/MV17; and (iii) Hybride-de-bersee/3*Ghods, were used to produce three small-size doubled-haploid populations via wheat × Maize pollination methodology. The doubled-haploid populations were examined against two predominantly isolates of P. striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) i.e. 6E134A+ and 6E2A+Yr27+ and the screening revealed that 44 and 52 of the progenies are resistant to the above-mentioned isolates, respectively. Field data have shown that the stripe rust resistance doubled-haploid germplasm are comparable to local check cultivars in yield and earliness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1675-1685
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection
Volume47
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • backcross-breeding
  • doubled-haploid breeding
  • stripe rust
  • wheat

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