B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells contain both endogenous κ immunoglobulin mRNA and critical immunoglobulin gene activation transcription factors

Sara L. Zaknoen, Susan L. Christian, Rosa Suen, Brian Van Ness, Neil E. Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by the proliferation and accumulation of mature-looking B lymphocytes. Patients with B-CLL exhibit a number of immune defects including: auto-antibodies, depressed cell-mediated immunity and hypogammaglobulinemia (HG). We investigated the control of Ig production in the malignant CLL 8-cell at a transcriptional and translation level. We isolated fresh leukemic B-cells from CLL patients and analyzed for the presence of nuclear factors OCT-1, OCT-2, and NF-KB. Malignant B-cells were purified to >90% B-cells, and total cellular RNA and nuclear proteins were isolated from these cells. Mobility shift assays were probed with 32P-labeled oligonucleotides specific to the immunoglobulin (Ig) enhancer and promotor regions. We detected endogenous OCT-1, OCT-2, and NF-KB in all patients tested (n = 5). We then evaluated whether activation of CLL B cells could augment κ-mRNA levels. CLL cells (n = 3) exposed to phorbol ester and A23187 were harvested at 0, 2, 4, 8, and 48 min and examined for κ-mRNA by Northern blot. All CLL patients (n = 3) had easily detectable levels of endogenous κ-mRNA. However, only one patient had an obvious increase in κ-mRNA post-induction with TPA/A23187. There was no concomitant increase in this patient's OCT-1, OCT-2, of NF-KB level. This finding prompted us to survey other B-CLL patients (n = 6) for Ig nuclear transcriptional factors pre- and post-induction. In summary, CLL B cells express Ig transcriptional factor OCT-1, OCT-2, and NF-KB constitutively. The endogenous level of NF-KB may account for the basal κ-mRNA detected in B-CLL cells. However, the inability to augment NF-KB levels may, in part, explain the low levels of Ig synthesis in CLL B-cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-679
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia
Volume6
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1992

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