Awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus and acceptance of maternal and newborn screening

Katie J. Tastad, Mark R. Schleiss, Sara M. Lammert, Nicole E. Basta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives To assess awareness of cytomegalovirus (CMV); attitudes towards screening; and frequency of behaviors that could increase the risk of prenatal infection. Methods We conducted a survey among 726 women at the 2017 Minnesota State Fair. Minnesota residents aged 18–44 were eligible if they had never been pregnant or had been pregnant within the past 10 years. We compared responses between never-pregnant and recently-pregnant women. Results Only 20% of study participants had previously heard of CMV. Remarkably, recently-pregnant women were no more likely to be aware of CMV than never-pregnant women after adjusting for potential confounders. After receiving information about CMV, nearly all participants indicated they believed prenatal (96%) or newborn (96%) screening should be offered. Conclusions Although baseline awareness of CMV was low (even among recently-pregnant women), after learning more about the risks, women supported screening. Several states have passed or proposed legislation promoting CMV education and/or screening programs. We identified important gaps in knowledge about CMV among women who may benefit from education about how to reduce their risk of exposure and who may need to decide whether they would be willing to screen for CMV in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0221725
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Cytomegalovirus
Screening
neonates
Mothers
Newborn Infant
screening
pregnant women
Pregnant Women
Education
education
Legislation
laws and regulations
learning
Learning

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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Awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus and acceptance of maternal and newborn screening. / Tastad, Katie J.; Schleiss, Mark R.; Lammert, Sara M.; Basta, Nicole E.

In: PloS one, Vol. 14, No. 8, e0221725, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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