Awareness and pro-active adoption of surface water BMPs

Joleen C. Hadrich, Andrea Van Winkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Beef cow operators were surveyed to determine the effect of cost-share awareness and farm management characteristics on the adoption of surface water best management practices (BMPs) in a state without defined BMPs. Results demonstrated that farm management characteristics determined nutrient management adoption, farm characteristics determined filter strip adoption, and human capital and farm characteristics played the largest role with streambank fencing adoption. Cost-share awareness was not found to increase the probability of adopting any BMPs and Extension education was found to positively and significantly increase the adoption of all three BMPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
StatePublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The survey was funded by the Livestock Waste Educational Information and Assistance Program/EPA-319 Non-point Implementation EPA-319 funds as administered through the North Dakota Department of Health.


  • Best management practices
  • Cost-share
  • Livestock


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