Avalanche segregation of binary mixtures of granular media

J. Koeppe, M. Enz, J. Kakalios

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


When an initially homogeneous binary mixture of granular media such as fine and coarse sand is poured near the closed edge of a 'quasi-two-dimensional' Hele-Shaw cell consisting of two vertical transparent plates held a narrow distance apart, the mixture spontaneously forms alternating segregated layers. Using digital images taken with a CCD camera and Fourier transformed to obtain the structure function of the banding pattern, the wavelength selection mechanism and degree of segregation are studied as the plate separation of the Hele-Shaw cell is systematically increased. For a given flow rate, the degree of segregation, as reflected in the amplitude of the peak in the structure function, decreases as the plate separation increases. For wider plate spacings the peak in the structure function shifts to lower wavelengths. These results are compared to numerical simulations of the avalanche segregation using a stochastic sandpile model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
EventProceedings of the 1996 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Dec 2 1996Dec 6 1996


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