We analyzed patient, disease, and treatment related factors associated with long-term disease-free survival (DFS) in 62 patients with refractory or recurrent Hodgkin's disease treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide (6000 mg/m2), carmustine (BCNU; 300 mg/m2), and etoposide (900 mg/m2) (CBV) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. There were no deaths resulting from toxicity of the preparative regimen, and all patients survived the peritransplant period. At 28 days post-transplant, the complete response (CR) rate was 76%. Patients who achieved a CR had a 50% estimated 3-year DFS (95% CI, 35-64%). Twenty-three (37%) patients remain in continuous clinical remission 1.3 to 7.7 years (median 3.8 years) after transplantation. In a univariate analysis, factors significantly associated with improved DFS included absence of B symptoms (fever, night sweats and unexplained weight loss) at transplant, response to pre-transplant salvage chemotherapy, less tumor bulk at time of transplant, and fewer prior treatment regimens. Stepwise multivariate analysis showed that the absence of B symptoms at time of transplant was independently and significantly associated with improved DFS after transplantation. CBV with autologous stem cell support can produce durable remissions with acceptable toxicity in a substantial proportion of patients who are asymptomatic at time of transplant. Earlier application of transplantation or development of additional effective antineoplastic modalities will be required to improve the results of transplantation for patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bone marrow transplantation|
|State||Published - 1995|
- Hodgkins disease
- Prognostic factors