Autologous stem cell transplantation for myocardial repair

Jingbo Liu, Qingsong Hu, Zongli Wang, Chengsu Xu, Xiaohong Wang, Guangrong Gong, Abdul Mansoor, Joseph Lee, Mingxiao Hou, Lepeng Zeng, John R. Zhang, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Tao Guo, Robert J. Bache, Jianyi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

132 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current therapies for heart failure due to transmural left ventricular (LV) infarction are limited. We have developed a novel patch method for delivering autologous bone marrow stem cells to sites of myocardial infarction for the purpose of improving LV function and preventing LV aneurysm formation. The patch consisted of a fibrin matrix seeded with autologous porcine mesenchymal stem cells labeled with lacZ. We applied this patch to a swine model of postinfarction LV remodeling. Myocardial infarction was produced by using a 60-min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery distal to the first diagonal branch followed by reperfusion. Results were compared between eight pigs with stem cell patch transplantation, six pigs with the patch but no stem cells (P), and six pigs with left anterior descending coronary artery ligation alone (L). Magnetic resonance imaging data collected 19 ± 1 days after the myocardial infarction indicated a significant increase of LV systolic wall thickening fraction in the infarct zone of transplanted hearts compared with P or L hearts. Blue X-gal staining was observed in the infarcted area of transplanted hearts. PCR amplification of specimens from the X-gal-positive area revealed the Ad5 RSV-lacZ vector fragment DNA sequence. Light microscopy demonstrated that transplanted cells had differentiated into cells with myocyte-like characteristics and a robust increase of neovascularization as evidenced by von Willebrand factor-positive angioblasts and capillaries in transplanted hearts. Thus this patch-based autologous stem cell procedure may serve as a therapeutic modality for myocardial repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H501-H511
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 56-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Cellular therapy
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertrophy
  • Infarction
  • Neovascularization

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