Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Prevalence in Somali and Non-Somali Children

Amy Hewitt, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kristin Hamre, Amy N. Esler, Judy Punyko, Joe Reichle, Anab A. Gulaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study presents results from an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) public health surveillance project conducted in Minneapolis. The study was designed to compare ASD prevalence in Somali children (ages 7–9) to that of non-Somali children. The study adapted methodology used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. Results indicated that Somali (1 in 32) and White (1 in 36) children were about equally likely to be identified with ASD, but more likely to be identified with ASD than Black and Hispanic children. Somali children with ASD were significantly more likely to have an intellectual disability than children with ASD in all other racial and ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2599-2608
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The preparation of this report was supported by a cooperative agreement with the Association of University Centers on Disability (AUCD) (Award No. CON000000031900) with additional funding provided by the National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), U.S. Department of Education (U.S. Department of Education (Agreement Nos. H133B080005-09 and H133B130006) awarded to Research and Training Center on Community Living, Institute on Community Integration at the University of Minnesota. Additional financial support contributed by Minnesota Department of Health and the Institute on Community Integration. Technical assistance and funding was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and Autism Speaks, and managed through the Association of University Centers on Disability (AUCD). This study has been presented at IMFAR 2015 as well as several other local/regional conferences. The current study is not adapted from a dissertation. Our research team would also like to acknowledge the assistance of Dr. John Connett and Dr. Susan Brower (Minnesota State Demographer).

Funding Information:
The preparation of this report was supported by a cooperative agreement with the Association of University Centers on Disability (AUCD) (Award No. CON000000031900) with additional funding provided by the National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), U.S. Department of Education (U.S. Department of Education (Agreement Nos. H133B080005-09 and H133B130006) awarded to Research and Training Center on Community Living, Institute on Community Integration at the University of Minnesota. Additional financial support contributed by Minnesota Department of Health and the Institute on Community Integration.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • Autism prevalence
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Intellectual disability
  • Somali

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