Attraction- and entrapment-based commitment among competitive female gymnasts

Windee M. Weiss, Maureen R. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine correlates of attraction- and entrapment-based commitment among young competitive female gymnasts. Participants were 124 gymnasts (Levels 9, 10, and Elite) ranging in age from 10 to 18 years. Based on theory and research (Raedeke, 1997; Schmidt & Stein, 1991), commitment profiles were determined based on benefits, costs, enjoyment, personal investments, and attractive alternatives. Three profiles emerged when using cluster analysis. Attracted gymnasts were higher in enjoyment and benefits but lower in costs and attractive alternatives. Entrapped gymnasts were lower in enjoyment and benefits but higher in costs and attractive alternatives. Vulnerable gymnasts were moderately lower in enjoyment and benefits, average in costs, and moderately higher in attractive alternatives. These groups were significantly different on social support, social constraints, motivational orientation, and training behaviors. The three profiles were similar but not identical to Schmidt and Stein's predicted types of commitment, with each type being further differentiated by social, motivational, and behavioral variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-247
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Keywords

  • Motivational orientation
  • Social influence
  • Sport commitment
  • Youth sport

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