Attitudes and willingness to pay for tolled facilities a panel survey evaluation

Johanna Zmud, Mark Bradley, Frank Douma, Chris Simek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of the behavioral impacts of a high-occupancy toll (HOT) lane project in Minnesota. The 1-394 MnPASS Express Lane Project is the fifth HOT lane project implemented in the United States. HOT lanes remain a new enough concept that there is little empirical information on methods for evaluating them or on their impacts on travel behavior for transportation planners and policy makers to use when making decisions about future facilities. The MnPASS evaluation study is significant not only because it uses a panel design but also because it involved multiple waves of stated preference (SP) experiments. These waves were conducted before and after project implementation. This paper uses information from the evaluation study to examine two significant issues: (a) How applicable is a panel design to evaluating road pricing projects? and (b) How does willingness to pay vary on the basis of before-and-after iterations of the SP experiments?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFinance, Congestion Pricing, Economics, and Economic Development 2007
PublisherNational Research Council
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780309104227
StatePublished - 2007


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