Atomic-scale imaging of ultrafast materials dynamics

David J. Flannigan, Aaron M. Lindenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The advent of short-pulse electron and x-ray sources has enabled pump-probe approaches for elucidating ultrafast materials dynamics. From such studies, a comprehensive picture of the time-dependent evolution of the initial steps of energy deposition, propagation, relaxation, and conversion in a wide range of materials can be generated. In this article, we provide an overview of the capabilities of femtosecond electron and x-ray scattering for resolving structural dynamics of materials. With such approaches, time resolutions are ultimately limited by the durations of the electron and x-ray pulses, and dynamics can be studied at length scales spanning atomic to mesoscale dimensions. The articles in this issue represent a cross section of the vigorous activity occurring in the study of light-induced ultrafast materials dynamics as it relates to charge carriers, surfaces and interfaces, lattice-coupling mechanisms, coherent structural motions, and next-generation instrument development. The approaches highlighted here are leading to new physical insights, new possibilities for engineering the properties of matter, and ultimately, a new understanding of materials functionality on ultrasmall and ultrashort spatiotemporal scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalMRS Bulletin
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Materials Research Society.


  • scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • x-ray diffraction (XRD)


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