Atmospheric 14C/12C changes during the last glacial period from hulu cave

Hai Cheng, Larry Edwards, John Southon, Katsumi Matsumoto, Joshua M Feinberg, Ashish Sinha, Weijian Zhou, Hanying Li, Xianglei Li, Yao Xu, Shitao Chen, Ming Tan, Quan Wang, Yongjin Wang, Youfeng Ning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paired measurements of 14C/12C and 230Th ages from two Hulu Cave stalagmites complete a precise record of atmospheric 14C covering the full range of the 14C dating method (~54,000 years). Over the last glacial period, atmospheric 14C/12C ranges from values similar to modern values to values 1.70 times higher (42,000 to 39,000 years ago). The latter correspond to 14C ages 5200 years less than calibrated ages and correlate with the Laschamp geomagnetic excursion followed by Heinrich Stadial 4. Millennial-scale variations are largely attributable to Earth’s magnetic field changes and in part to climate-related changes in the oceanic carbon cycle. A progressive shift to lower 14C/12C values between 25,000 and 11,000 years ago is likely related, in part, to progressively increasing ocean ventilation rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1293-1297
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume362
Issue number6420
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2018

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Carbon Cycle
Climate Change
Magnetic Fields
Oceans and Seas
Ventilation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Cite this

Atmospheric 14C/12C changes during the last glacial period from hulu cave. / Cheng, Hai; Edwards, Larry; Southon, John; Matsumoto, Katsumi; Feinberg, Joshua M; Sinha, Ashish; Zhou, Weijian; Li, Hanying; Li, Xianglei; Xu, Yao; Chen, Shitao; Tan, Ming; Wang, Quan; Wang, Yongjin; Ning, Youfeng.

In: Science, Vol. 362, No. 6420, 14.12.2018, p. 1293-1297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, H, Edwards, L, Southon, J, Matsumoto, K, Feinberg, JM, Sinha, A, Zhou, W, Li, H, Li, X, Xu, Y, Chen, S, Tan, M, Wang, Q, Wang, Y & Ning, Y 2018, 'Atmospheric 14C/12C changes during the last glacial period from hulu cave', Science, vol. 362, no. 6420, pp. 1293-1297. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau0747
Cheng, Hai ; Edwards, Larry ; Southon, John ; Matsumoto, Katsumi ; Feinberg, Joshua M ; Sinha, Ashish ; Zhou, Weijian ; Li, Hanying ; Li, Xianglei ; Xu, Yao ; Chen, Shitao ; Tan, Ming ; Wang, Quan ; Wang, Yongjin ; Ning, Youfeng. / Atmospheric 14C/12C changes during the last glacial period from hulu cave. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 362, No. 6420. pp. 1293-1297.
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