Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS) comprises hypothalamic hamartoma, polydactyly, pituitary dysfunction, laryngotracheal cleft, imperforate anus, and other anomalies. Some patients with PHS have a bifid epiglottis, a rare malformation. Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) comprises polydactyly with craniofacial malformations without the PHS malformations. Both disorders are caused by mutations in the GLI3 gene. Laryngoscopy on 26 subjects with PHS showed that 15 had a bifid or cleft epiglottis (58%) and none of 14 subjects with GCPS had a cleft epiglottis. The malformed epiglottis was asymptomatic in all of the prospectively evaluated subjects. One additional PHS subject was found to have bifid epiglottis and a posterior laryngeal cleft on autopsy. We conclude that bifid epiglottis is common in PHS but not GCPS. Posterior laryngeal clefts are an uncommon manifestation of PHS and are identified only in severely affected patients. The diagnosis of a bifid epiglottis should prompt a thorough search for other sometimes asymptomatic anomalies of PHS to provide better medical care and recurrence risk assessment for affected individuals and families.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|State||Published - Sep 4 2000|
- Hypothalamic hamartoma
- Imperforate anus
- Multiple abnormalities