Asymmetric dimethylarginine and mortality in stages 3 to 4 chronic kidney disease

Jill Melendez Young, Norma Terrin, Xuelei Wang, Tom Greene, Gerald J. Beck, John W. Kusek, Allan J. Collins, Mark J. Sarnak, Vandana Menon

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, reduces bioavailability of nitric oxide and induces endothelial dysfunction. This dimethylated amino acid accumulates in chronic kidney disease and may be involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in this population. Design, settings, participants, & methods: The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study was a randomized, controlled trial conducted between 1989 and 1993. We measured ADMA in frozen samples collected at baseline (n = 820) and obtained survival status, up to December 31, 2000, from the National Death Index. We examined the relationship of ADMA with prevalent CVD and performed multivariable Cox models to examine the relationship of ADMA with all-cause and CVD mortality. Results: Mean (SD) age was 52 (12) yr, GFR was 32 ± 12 ml/min per 1.73 m 2, and ADMA was 0.70 ± 0.25 ± μmol/L. A 1-SD increase in ADMA was associated with a 31% increased odds of prevalent CVD in an adjusted logistic regression model. During the 10-yr follow-up period, 202 (25%) participants died of any cause, 122 (15%) from CVD, and 545 (66%) reached kidney failure. In multivariable Cox models, a 1-SD increase in ADMA was associated with a 9% increased risk for all-cause and 19% increased risk for CVD mortality. Conclusions: In this cohort of patients with predominantly nondiabetic, stages 3 to 4 chronic kidney disease, there was a strong association of ADMA with prevalent CVD and a modest association with all-cause and CVD mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1120
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

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    Young, J. M., Terrin, N., Wang, X., Greene, T., Beck, G. J., Kusek, J. W., Collins, A. J., Sarnak, M. J., & Menon, V. (2009). Asymmetric dimethylarginine and mortality in stages 3 to 4 chronic kidney disease. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 4(6), 1115-1120. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.06671208