Associations of body fat and its distribution with dietary intake, physical activity, alcohol, and smoking in blacks and whites

M. L. Slattery, A. McDonald, D. E. Bild, B. J. Caan, J. E. Hilner, D. R. Jacobs, K. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cross-sectional associations between body fat and its distribution and environmental factors influencing energy balance were examined in 5115 young adults. Protein was directly associated with body mass index (BMI) in all race and sex groups (P < 0.01) after age, education, cigarette-smoking status, alcohol intake, and physical activity were adjusted for. Carbohydrate intake was inversely associated with BMI in males (P = 0.02). Total physical activity was inversely associated with BMI in white women and with skinfold- thickness measures (P < 0.01) in all groups. Waist-to-hip-circumference ratio (WHCR) was positively associated with total kilojoules (kilocalories) in women, inversely associated with percent of kilojoules (kilocalories) from carbohydrates in whites, grams of crude fiber/4184 kJ (1000 kcal) (except in black men), and physical activity (except in white women). WHCR was directly associated with cigarette smoking except in black men, and with total alcohol intake in men. Beer was consistently associated with WHCR in all race and sex groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-949
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • body fat
  • cigarette smoking
  • dietary intake
  • physical activity

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