Associations between yogurt, dairy, calcium, and vitamin D intake and obesity among U.S. children aged 8-18 years: NHANES, 2005-2008

Debra R Keast, Kathleen M Hill Gallant, Ann M Albertson, Carolyn K Gugger, Norton M Holschuh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate associations of yogurt and dairy consumption with energy, macronutrient, calcium, and vitamin D intakes, and associations with indicators of overweight/obesity in U.S. children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005-2008). Using 24-hour recall data, children 8-18 years of age were classified to dairy consumption groups of <1, 1 to <2, or 2+ dairy servings, and yogurt consumers were those who reported eating yogurt during at least one of two dietary intake interviews. NHANES anthropometric measurements were used, and BMI and BMI-for-age percentiles were calculated. Yogurt and dairy consumption were associated with higher intakes of calcium, vitamin D and protein. Yogurt intake was associated with lower total fat and saturated fat intakes and body fat as measured by subscapular skinfold thickness. This study supports consumption of yogurt and higher amounts of dairy as eating patterns associated with greater intake of specific shortfall nutrients, and lower body fat in U.S. children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-93
Number of pages17
JournalNutrients
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue/metabolism
  • Adolescent
  • Body Mass Index
  • Calcium, Dietary/pharmacology
  • Child
  • Diet
  • Dietary Fats/metabolism
  • Dietary Proteins/pharmacology
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Obesity/metabolism
  • Vitamin D/pharmacology
  • Yogurt

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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