Associations between online purchasing and store purchasing for four types of products in Nanjing, China

Feng Zhen, Jason Cao, Patricia L. Mokhtarian, Guangliang Xi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


As e-shopping proliferates, transportation planners examine the extent to which it will replace shopping trips. Although previous studies have explored relationships between online purchasing and store purchasing, few have examined the relationships for different types of products in China. A joint ordered probit model was applied to investigate the relationships among 963 respondents in Nanjing, China. Online purchasing had positive associations with store purchasing for all four types of products (clothing, books, daily goods, and electronics), even after shopping attitudes and demographics were controlled for. The magnitude of the complementarity effect differs by product type, with less frequently purchased products showing a larger effect. The impact of online purchasing on road systems is limited in China because transit and walking are dominant modes for shopping trips. However, the impact is expected to grow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalTransportation Research Record
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, National Research Council. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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