Associations Between MMPI-2-RF Validity Scale Scores and Extra-Test Measures of Personality and Psychopathology

Johnathan D. Forbey, Tayla T.C. Lee, Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Paul A. Arbisi, Diane Gartland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The current study explored associations between two potentially invalidating self-report styles detected by the Validity scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), over-reporting and under-reporting, and scores on the MMPI-2-RF substantive, as well as eight collateral self-report measures administered either at the same time or within 1 to 10 days of MMPI-2-RF administration. Analyses were conducted with data provided by college students, male prisoners, and male psychiatric outpatients from a Veterans Administration facility. Results indicated that if either an over- or under-reporting response style was suggested by the MMPI-2-RF Validity scales, scores on the majority of the MMPI-2-RF substantive scales, as well as a number of collateral measures, were significantly affected in all three groups in the expected directions. Test takers who were identified as potentially engaging in an over- or under-reporting response style by the MMPI-2-RF Validity scales appeared to approach extra-test measures similarly regardless of when these measures were administered in relation to the MMPI-2-RF. Limitations and suggestions for future study are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-461
Number of pages14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • assessment
  • college
  • interpretability
  • outpatients
  • personality
  • validity
  • veterans


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