Associations Between Gender, Torture, and Health: A 5-Year Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Sarah J. Hoffman, Patricia J. Shannon, Tonya L. Horn, James Letts, Zoe Kondes, Michelle A. Mathiason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Our purpose was to identify longitudinal associations between torture exposure, physical and mental health outcomes, and gender in a cohort of 143 war-affected Karen adults five years post resettlement. Results showed that participants who self-reported primary torture experiences had higher rates of certain mental and physical health diagnoses. We observed gender differences in health over time in the cohort. Findings have implications for how primary care and public health providers implement war trauma screening tools and timelines, targeted healthcare services, and community resources to promote health and prevent disease in populations that have trauma from torture or war.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-205
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Refugee
  • gender
  • health
  • torture
  • trauma

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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