Associations between Community-Acquired Pneumonia and Proton Pump Inhibitors in the Laryngeal/Voice-Disordered Population

Seth M. Cohen, Hui Jie Lee, David A. Leiman, Nelson Roy, Stephanie Misono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: To examine the relationship between community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment among patients with laryngeal/voice disorders. Study Design: Retrospective cohort analysis. Setting: Large national administrative US claims database. Subjects and Methods: Patients were included if they were ≥18 years old; had outpatient treatment for a laryngeal/voice disorder from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014 (per International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes); had 12 months of continuous enrollment prior to the index date (ie, first diagnosis of laryngeal/voice disorder); had no preindex diagnosis of CAP; and had prescription claims captured from 1 year preindex to end of follow-up. Patient demographics, comorbid conditions, index laryngeal diagnosis, number of unique preindex patient encounters, and CAP diagnoses during the postindex 3 years were collected. Two models—a time-dependent Cox regression model and a propensity score–based approach with a marginal structural model—were separately performed for patients with and without pre–index date PPI prescriptions. Results: A total of 392,355 unique patients met inclusion criteria; 188,128 (47.9%) had a PPI prescription. The 3-year absolute risk for CAP was 4.0% and 5.3% among patients without and with preindex PPI use, respectively. For patients without and with pre–index date PPI use, the CAP occurrence for a person who had already received a PPI is 30% to 50% higher, respectively, than for a person who had not yet had a PPI but may receive one later. Conclusions: Patients without and with pre–index date PPI use experienced a roughly 30% to 50% increased likelihood of CAP, respectively, as compared with patients who had not had PPI prescriptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-525
Number of pages7
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2018.


  • adverse event
  • dysphonia
  • laryngeal disorders
  • larynx
  • pneumonia
  • proton pump inhibitor
  • voice
  • voice disorders


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