Association of renal function with vascular stiffness in older adults: the Rotterdam study

Sanaz Sedaghat, Franklin G. Dawkins Arce, Germaine C. Verwoert, Albert Hofman, M. ARFAN Ikram, OSCAR H. Franco, Abbas Dehghan, Jacqueline C.M. Witteman, Francesco Mattace-Raso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: arterial stiffening is a marker of vascular ageing and an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. A potential mechanism linking cardiovascular disease to chronic kidney disease might be the change in arterial elasticity. We aim to determine the association between renal function and arterial stiffness in older subjects. Design: cross-sectional study. Setting: Rotterdam study, a population-based cohort study. Subjects: we included 3,279 subjects from 1997 to 1999 with a mean age of 71.9 years. Methods: estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was used to assess renal function. Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid distensibility coefficient were used as measures of arterial stiffness. Results: each standard deviation increase in eGFR, adjusting for age and sex, was associated with 0.14 m/s lower PWV [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.23, -0.05]. Further adjustments for socio-demographic and cardiovascular risk factors did not change the association (ß: -0.16 m/s; 95% CI: -0.26, -0.06). There was a linear association between mean values of PWV and quartiles of glomerular filtration rate (P for trend = 0.006). There was no association between decreased renal function and carotid distensibility. There was no statistical difference in the strength of the association between renal function and PWV in subgroups of participants with and without cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: in this large population-based study of elderly subjects, our findings suggest that renal impairment is associated with aortic stiffness. This association is independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-833
Number of pages7
JournalAge and Ageing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society.


  • Arterial stiffness
  • Carotid distensibility
  • Older people
  • Pulse wave velocity
  • Renal function


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