Associations between the distribution of body fat, measured by the waist/hip circumference ratio (WHR), and plasma lipid fractions were examined in 84 postmenopausal women. WHR was correlated r = 0.39 with body mass index (BMI). After adjustment for BMI and other covariates, WHR was positively and significantly associated with concentrations of triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio. WHR was negatively and significantly associated with concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein AI. These results indicate that in postmenopausal women abdominal fat preponderance is associated with an atherogenic plasma lipid profile, independent of its association with BMI.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
*Author for correspondence. Supported by National Cancer Institute Grant lROl-CA 39742-01 and National Research Service Award 5T32-HL07032.
- Body weight