Association between alcohol-impaired driving enforcement-related strategies and alcohol-impaired driving

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

All states in the U.S. prohibit alcohol-impaired driving but active law enforcement is necessary for effectively reducing this behavior. Sobriety checkpoints, saturation patrols, open container laws, and media campaigns related to enforcement efforts are all enforcement-related strategies for reducing alcohol-impaired driving. We conducted surveys of all state patrol agencies and a representative sample of local law enforcement agencies to assess their use of alcohol-impaired driving enforcement-related strategies and to determine the relationship between these enforcement-related strategies and self-reported alcohol-impaired driving behavior obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We found that sobriety checkpoints, saturation patrols, and enforcement of open container laws were associated with a lower prevalence of alcohol-impaired driving but, more importantly, a combination of enforcement-related strategies was associated with a greater decrease in alcohol-impaired driving than any individual enforcement-related activity. In addition, alcohol-impaired driving enforcement-related strategies were associated with decreased alcohol-impaired driving above and beyond their association with decreased binge drinking. Results suggest law enforcement agencies should give greater priority to using a combination of strategies rather than relying on any one individual enforcement activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-109
Number of pages6
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism ( R01AA017873-04 ; D. Erickson, Principal Investigator).

Keywords

  • Alcohol-impaired driving
  • Enforcement
  • Latent class analysis
  • Open container laws
  • Saturation patrols
  • Sobriety checkpoints

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