Assessment of stumpage payment methods used by state and county timber sale programs in the United States

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As a part of a timber sale, sellers generally specify when and how the buyer will pay for the timber. A mail questionnaire was used to evaluate how state agencies within the United States and county timber sale programs within the Lake States collect payment for stumpage sold through their timber sale programs. Of particular importance were the perceptions of timber sale program administrators about the advantages and disadvantages of the two most common stumpage payment methods: scale (also called pay-as-cut) and lump sum (also called sold-on-appraised-volume). Timber sale programs with relatively little timber sale activity have a tendency to use a single stumpage payment method, whereas programs with robust timber sale activity were more likely to use both methods. Program administrators perceive greater differences in the administrative and financial aspects of the two stumpage payment methods and few differences with respect to their ecological effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Forestry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: We appreciate the assistance of and time provided by all of the individuals who helped to pilot test the draft questionnaire and who returned a completed questionnaire. This work was supported by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota’s Resources (LCCMR) and the University of Minnesota’s Agricultural Experiment Station (Projects 42-065 and 42-057). No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Society of American Foresters.


  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Lump sum
  • Scale
  • Scale ticket
  • Timber sale program


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