Assessment of resistance to colicinogenic Escherichia coli by E. coli O157:H7 strains

G. P. Schamberger, Francisco Diez-Gonzalez

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14 Scopus citations


Aims: To assess a collection of 96 Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains for their resistance potential against a set of colicinogenic E. coli developed as a probiotic for use in cattle. Methods and Results: Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains were screened for colicin production, types of colicins produced, presence of colicin resistance and potential for resistance development. Thirteen of 14 previously characterized colicinogenic E. coli strains were able to inhibit 74 serotype O157:H7 strains. Thirteen E. coli O157:H7 strains were found to be colicinogenic and 11 had colicin D genes. PCR products for colicins B, E-type, Ia/Ib and M were also detected. During in vitro experiments, the ability to develop colicin resistance against single-colicin producing E. coli strains was observed, but rarely against multiple-colicinogenic strains. The ability of serotype O157:H7 strains to acquire colicin plasmids or resistance was not observed during a cattle experiment. Conclusions: Escherichia coli O157:H7 has the potential to develop single-colicin resistance, but simultaneous resistance against multiple colicins appears to be unlikely. Colicin D is the predominant colicin produced by colicinogenic E. coli O157:H7 strains. Significance and Impact of the Study: The potential for resistance development against colicin-based strategies for E. coli O157:H7 control may be very limited if more than one colicin type is used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005


  • Antimicrobial
  • Cattle
  • Colicin
  • E. coli
  • Food-borne pathogen
  • Probiotic
  • Resistance


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