Background: The use of personal health care management (PHM) is increasing rapidly within the United States because of implementation of health technology across the health care continuum and increased regulatory requirements for health care providers and organizations promoting the use of PHM, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service), Web-based scheduling, and Web-based requests for prescription renewals. Limited research has been conducted comparing PHM use across groups based on chronic conditions. Objective: This study aimed to describe the overall utilization of PHM and compare individual characteristics associated with PHM in groups with no reported chronic conditions, with 1 chronic condition, and with 2 or more such conditions. Methods: Datasets drawn from the National Health Interview Survey were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to determine the level of PHM use in relation to demographic, socioeconomic, or health-related factors. Data from 47,814 individuals were analyzed using logistic regression. Results: Approximately 12.19% (5737/47,814) of respondents reported using PHM, but higher rates of use were reported by individuals with higher levels of education and income. The overall rate of PHM remained stable between 2009 and 2014, despite increased focus on the promotion of patient engagement initiatives. Demographic factors predictive of PHM use included people who were younger, non-Hispanic, and who lived in the western region of the United States. There were also differences in PHM use based on socioeconomic factors. Respondents with college-level education were over 2.5 times more likely to use PHM than respondents without college-level education. Health-related factors were also predictive of PHM use. Individuals with health insurance and a usual place for health care were more likely to use PHM than individuals with no health insurance and no usual place for health care. Individuals reporting a single chronic condition or multiple chronic conditions reported slightly higher levels of PHM use than individuals reporting no chronic conditions. Individuals with no chronic conditions who did not experience barriers to accessing health care were more likely to use PHM than individuals with 1 or more chronic conditions. Conclusions: The findings of this study illustrated the disparities in PHM use based on the number of chronic conditions and that multiple factors influence the use of PHM, including economics and education. These findings provide evidence of the challenge associated with engaging patients using electronic health information as the health care industry continues to evolve.
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© 2018 Journal of Medical Internet Research. All rights reserved.
- Consumer participation
- Personal health information
- Personal health records
- Social determinants of health