Assessment of palliative care training in gynecologic oncology: A gynecologic oncology fellow research network study

Ramez N. Eskander, Kathryn Osann, Elizabeth Dickson, Laura L. Holman, J. Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Lori Spoozak, Eijean Wu, Lauren Krill, Amanda Nickles Fader, Krishnansu S. Tewari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objective Palliative care is recognized as an important component of oncologic care. We sought to assess the quality/quantity of palliative care education in gynecologic oncology fellowship. Methods A self-administered on-line questionnaire was distributed to current gynecologic oncology fellow and candidate members during the 2013 academic year. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results Of 201 fellow and candidate members, 74.1% (n = 149) responded. Respondents were primarily women (75%) and white (76%). Only 11% of respondents participated in a palliative care rotation. Respondents rated the overall quality of teaching received on management of ovarian cancer significantly higher than management of patients at end of life (EOL), independent of level of training (8.25 vs. 6.23; p < 0.0005). Forty-six percent reported never being observed discussing transition of care from curative to palliative with a patient, and 56% never received feedback about technique regarding discussions on EOL care. When asked to recall their most recent patient who had died, 83% reported enrollment in hospice within 4 weeks of death. Fellows reporting higher quality EOL education were significantly more likely to feel prepared to care for patients at EOL (p < 0.0005). Mean ranking of preparedness increased with the number of times a fellow reported discussing changing goals from curative to palliative and the number of times he/she received feedback from an attending (p < 0.0005). Conclusions Gynecologic oncology fellow/candidate members reported insufficient palliative care education. Those respondents reporting higher quality EOL training felt more prepared to care for dying patients and to address complications commonly encountered in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
In order to incentivize participation, respondents were compensated with a twenty-dollar Amazon gift card. This study was generously supported by a grant from the Foundation for Gynecologic Oncology Research Institute. The available funds necessitated limitation of the total sample size to approximately 200 respondents. In total, 230 sequential individuals were selected from a list provided by the SGO, 150 fellows-in-training and 80 candidate members. Ten subjects were excluded as they lived outside of the United States, and 19 e-mail addresses were invalid.


  • Education
  • End of life care
  • Fellowship training
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Hospice
  • Palliative care


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