Assessing the accuracy of survey reports of health insurance coverage using enrollment data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To measure the accuracy of survey-reported data on features and type of health insurance coverage. Data Source: Enrollment records from a private insurer were used as sample for primary survey data collection in spring of 2015 using the Current Population Survey health insurance module. Study Design: A reverse record check study where households with individuals enrolled in a range of public and private health insurance plans (including the marketplace) were administered a telephone survey that included questions about general source of coverage (eg, employer), program name (eg, Medicaid), portal, premium, and subsidies. Data Collection/Extraction Methods: Survey data were matched back to enrollment records, which indicated coverage status at the time of the survey. Concordance between the records and survey data was assessed. Principal Findings: Correct reporting of general source of coverage ranged from 77.8 percent to 98.3 percent across coverage type, premium ranged from 91.6 percent to 96.4 percent, and subsidy ranged from 83.0 percent to 91.0 percent. Using a conceptual algorithm to categorize coverage type resulted in sensitivity of 98.3 percent for employer-sponsored enrollees, and 70.6 percent-77.6 percent for the other coverage types, while specificity ranged from 93.9 percent to 99.4 percent across coverage types. Conclusions: Survey reports of features of coverage suggest they are viable items to include in an algorithm to categorize coverage type. Findings have implications beyond the CPS, particularly for marketplace enrollees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1109
Number of pages11
JournalHealth services research
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Joint Acknowledgment/Disclosure Statement: The authors thank Donald Oellerich, formerly of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the US Department of Health and Human Services, for his support of this research effort; Jessica Vistnes of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for engaged and extensive reviews of earlier drafts; and members of the Technical Advisory Group who generously shared their time and expertise with the CHIME project. This research is supported by the US Census Bureau, the State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC), the Medica Research Institute, the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of these organizations.

Keywords

  • health insurance
  • marketplace
  • reporting accuracy

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

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