Background: The study explores how residents and faculty assess the ACGME's 16-h limit on intern shifts. Methods: Questionnaire response rates were 76% for residents (N = 291) and 71% for faculty (N = 279) in 13 general surgery residency programs. Results include means, percentage in agreement, and statistical tests for 15 questionnaire items. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 39 residents and 43 faculty were analyzed for main themes. Results: Few view the intern shift limit as a positive change. Views differ (P < 0.01) for residents and faculty on 12 of 15 item means and across PGY levels on all 15 items. Interviews indicate concerns about losses with respect to education and professional development, difficulties when interns transition to their second year, and how intern shifts may be more fatiguing than expected. Conclusions: The 16-h limit on intern shifts has remained a source of concern and an educational challenge for residents and faculty.
- General surgery residents
- Intern duty hour limitation
- Resident duty hour restrictions
- Resident education