Anurans (frogs and toads) are important models for comparative studies of communication, auditory physiology, and neuroethology, but to date, most of our knowledge comes from in-depth studies of a relatively small number of model species. Using the well-studied green treefrog (Hyla cinerea), this study sought to develop and evaluate the use of auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) as a minimally invasive tool for investigating auditory sensitivity in a larger diversity of anuran species. The goals of the study were to assess the effects of frequency, signal level, sex, and body size on auditory brainstem response (ABR) amplitudes and latencies, characterize gross ABR morphology, and generate an audiogram that could be compared to several previously published audiograms for green treefrogs. Increasing signal level resulted in larger ABR amplitudes and shorter latencies, and these effects were frequency dependent. There was little evidence for an effect of sex or size on ABRs. Analyses consistently distinguished between responses to stimuli in the frequency ranges of the three previously-described populations of afferents that innervate the two auditory end organs in anurans. The overall shape of the audiogram shared prominent features with previously published audiograms. This study highlights the utility of AEPs as a valuable tool for the study of anuran auditory sensitivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|State||Published - Dec 2014|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Gary Calkins and Christopher Maldonado of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for access to study sites and collection permissions. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation ( IOS 0842759 to M. A. Bee) and the National Institutes of Health ( T32 NS048944 to T. J. Ebner).
- Auditory brainstem response
- Auditory evoked potentials
- Green treefrog