Assessing Model Fit in Structural Equation Modeling Using Appropriate Test Statistics

Katerina M. Marcoulides, Njål Foldnes, Steffen Grønneberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The assessment of model fit has received widespread interest by researchers in the structural equation modeling literature for many years. Various model fit test statistics have been suggested for conducting this assessment. Selecting an appropriate test statistic in order to evaluate model fit, however, can be difficult as the selection depends on the distributional characteristics of the sampled data, the magnitude of the sample size, and/or the proposed model features. The purpose of this paper is to present a selection procedure that can be used to algorithmically identify the best test statistic and simplify the whole assessment process. The procedure is illustrated using empirical data along with an easy to use computerized implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-379
Number of pages11
JournalStructural Equation Modeling
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 3 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Structural equation modeling
  • bootstrapping
  • model fit


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