Transdisciplinary One Health (OH) approaches have been rediscovered as a promising tactic for addressing complex health risks at the human-animal- ecosystem interface. However, there is little evidence of widespread adoption of OH approaches as the new operating normal for addressing these complex health issues. We have used a transformational change model as an evaluation tool and part of an overall assessment of the global adoption of OH approaches. This assessment establishes a point of reference for measuring progress toward OH approaches being the new operating normal. Global adoption of OH approaches will require more strategic efforts to build the case (value proposition), recruiting a broader pool of One Health champions, solidifying partnerships and unifying OH efforts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank the Rockefeller Foundation for funding this project and the team at the University of Minnesota who assisted with the compilation of the Catalog of One Health Activities and Programs (Kelley Johnson and Maria Carolina Pelaez Gil) and James Nyoro for his thoughtful contributions to evaluation methods. The authors also wish to thank the One Health colleagues of the working group: Charlanne Burke (USA), Ilaria Capua (Italy), Dennis Carroll (USA), Sarah Cleveland (UK), Katinka De Balogh (Netherlands), Eduardo Gotuzzo (Peru), Delia Grace (UK), James Hargreaves (UK), Geoffrey Kabagambe Rugamba (Uganda), Laura Kahn (USA), Danilo LoFoWong (Denmark), Sayoki Mfinanga (Tanzania), Moses Osiru (Uganda), Esther Schelling (Switzerland), Lertrak Srikitjakarn (Thailand), and Daniel Stone (USA).
- One Health
- change model
- human-animal-ecosystem interface