Assault Deterrents and Educators’ Risk of Physical Assault: A Case–Control Study

Denise M. Feda, Susan G. Gerberich, Andrew D. Ryan, Nancy M. Nachreiner, Patricia M. McGovern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study purpose was to identify associations between assault deterrent presence in kindergarten through 12th (K–12) grade schools and physical assaults (PAs) against educators. Data collected through a two-phase study identified physical and nonphysical violent events and utilized a nested case–control study to identify PA risk/protective factors. Analyses included multivariable modeling. Adjusted analyses demonstrated a significant decreased risk of PA with routine locker searches (odds ratio [OR] = 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.29, 0.82]). Also important, although not statistically significant, were presence of video monitors (OR = 0.72, 95% CI [0.50, 1.03]), intercoms (OR = 0.77, 95% CI [0.55, 1.06]), and required school uniforms/dress codes (OR = 0.74, 95% CI [0.52, 1.07]). These findings are integral to school nursing practice in which there is opportunity to influence application of relevant pilot intervention efforts as a first step in determining the potential efficacy of broad-based interventions that can positively impact the problem of school-related violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of School Nursing
Early online dateDec 9 2020
StateE-pub ahead of print - Dec 9 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Support for this research was provided, in part, by the: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services (R01 OH007816); Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety - Education and Research Center (NIOSH Training Grant Number T42 OH008434); Center for Violence Prevention and Control, University of Minnesota; and Regional Injury Prevention Research Center, University of Minnesota.The contents of this effort are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or other associated entities.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • K–12 schools
  • assault deterrents
  • educators/teachers
  • occupational violence
  • physical assault

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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