Aspirin Use and Awareness for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Among Hispanics: Prevalence and Associations with Health Behavior Beliefs

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) persists as the leading cause of death and disability in many Americans including Hispanics. Primary prevention for CVD may be achieved through regular aspirin use in high risk individuals. This study examined regular aspirin use and specific attitudes and social norms toward CVD and aspirin use within an urban Hispanic population in Minnesota. A sample of primary prevention Hispanics aged 45–79 years were surveyed about CVD history and risk factors, aspirin use, demographic characteristics, and health beliefs and social norms in relation to CVD and aspirin. Relative risk estimation using Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to examine associations with aspirin use. In this sample of 152 Hispanics (55% women), the mean age was 53 years, 70% had a regular healthcare provider, and 22% used aspirin. Aspirin discussions with a regular healthcare provider were strongly associated with aspirin use (adjusted risk ratio 3.02, 95% CI 1.20–7.60). There was a positive association between health beliefs and social norms that affirm preventive behaviors and aspirin use (adjusted linear risk ratio 1.23, 95% CI 1.04–1.45) while uncertainty about the role of aspirin for individual use and in the community was negatively associated with aspirin use (adjusted linear risk ratio 0.85, 95% CI 0.70–1.03). This growing population may benefit from health education about CVD risk and the role of aspirin in prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Community Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Aspirin
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Health behavior
  • Hispanics
  • Prevention

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