Aspergillus and Other Human Respiratory Disease Agents in Turkey Confinement Houses

John R. Mulhausena, Charles E. McJilton, Patrick T. Redig, Kevin A. Janni

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20 Scopus citations


The atmosphere of a turkey confinement house on a large Minnesota farm was examined over the course of a year in order to determine levels of airborne contaminants and to evaluate the hazard potential posed by the contaminants to farm workers. Air concentrations of total and respirable dust, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen dioxide, methane, and Aspergillus (a fungal respiratory disease agent) were evaluated. Inter- and intra-seasonal variations in confinement house contaminant concentrations were observed. The highest concentrations of dust, ammonia and Aspergillus occurred during the winter months when dust levels averaged 9.3 mg/m3and ammonia levels averaged 35 parts per million (ppm). Aspergillus levels were lower than expected, never exceeding 73 colony forming units per cubic meter (cfu/ m3). Ammonia levels were found to be particularly high during tilling of the confinement house when concentrations greater than 100 ppm were reached. Concentrations of carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen dioxide and methane were below detectable levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-899
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1987


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